Native Rose Plant Ethnobiology
What is taxonomy? Part 1 | Rosids Part 2 | genus Rosa Part 3
| Rose Species Part 4 | Rose reproduction Part 5
Ethnobiology embarks on the scientific study of how human cultures interacted with the environment, and the ever-changing relationship with biota and organisms. Ethnobiologists investigate how human societies have used nature, and how do they view nature in the distant past, to the immediate present. They investigate the common lore or the folk knowledge of how humans interact with organisms. Traditional knowledge is rapidly being lost, and the field of ethnobiology is a process of knowledge acquisition and organisation for the management of useful plant and animal populations in the natural system and environment.
Besides wild animals, humans have been known to value the nutritional value of these plants. In addition to people and animals, worms and insects have an affinity for the nutrition value of the rose hips, so it is best to check for worms before eating a rose hip. According to Joseph Shorthouse in his report, Galls Induced by Cynipid Wasps of the Genus Diplolepis (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) on the Roses of Canada’s Grasslands, native rose plants “are host to insects in a variety of guilds, including leaf chewers, leaf miners, fluid feeders, stem borers, pollinators, and gall inducers.”
Rose hips with seeds and skins removed make jams, marmalades, catsup, jellies and syrups. Rose hips are tastiest for those used to a North American diet after the first frost which brings out the sweetness. This same rose hip pulp may be dried and ground into powder form as an addition to baking recipes or puddings. Young green rose hips can be peeled and cooked. Rose petals are known for their perfume.
Please be stewards of both the afforestation areas – Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area and George Genereux Urban Regional Park forest communities, do not harvest too many parts of the rose plant. Learn and check into the scientific names of plants, and make a good native rose plant identification from Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3| Part 4 | Part 5 . Nature is very diverse, and evolves and plant species may hybridize with each other. When in doubt, please leave the plant out before harvesting so that other visitors and animal foragers may enjoy the native roses. It is wise take only pictures and to leave no trace when visiting the Saskatoon afforestation areas to mitigate ecological damage. The afforestation areas are experiencing an exponential increase in the human footprint, and a little foresight will ensure that the plants are not extirpated from the greenspace. Consider where you are digging and harvesting: do you have permission? Who do you get permission from? Who owns the land, and who manages the land of the afforestation areas?
“If a man loses one-third of his skin he dies; if a tree loses one-third of its bark, it too dies. If the Earth is a ‘sentient being’, would it not be reasonable to expect that if it loses one-third of its trees and vegetable covering, it will also die?” Richard St. Barbe Baker
Buds and flowers or the soaked and boiled root cambium can be used in the making of rose water, a base for eye wash treatments. Leaves, flowers and buds can be infused in the making of teas. When using the bark of the rose bush for a tea decoction, muscles would find relief and diarrhea would be relieved. Flowers and flower buds may relieve diarrhea or stomach upset.
First Nations people sometimes smoked the inner bark like of the rose bush like tobacco. There are reports that native persons ate the rosehip rinds, and left the seeds to grow again. Eating the layer of hairs around the seeds may cause irritation to the mouth and to the digestive tract. The rose hips may create diarrhea, if too many are ingested. A compress from the boiled rose roots would relieve swelling. The solution made from boiled rose roots could be gargled to relieve swelling of tonsillitis and sore throats, or mouth sores.
Besides the ethnobotanical uses of wild roses, rose wood can be fashioned into arrows and pipe stems. Rose hips would be used historically as beads before mass-manufactured beads were acquired through trade as early as the nineteenth century. The Cree called the Rosehip okiniy pl. okiniyak ᐅᑭᓂᕀ
Do you think you would like to be an ethnobiolgist? Why or why not?
Debate the efficacy of native rose plants related to ethnobiology and health science, including developing materials to support the arguments for and against a posi៝on. Would ethnobiological approaches contribute to mental, physical, or spiritual perspectives on health?
Do native rose plants provide any important macronutrients to maintain human, insect or animal health?
Do humans still rely on native rose plants for treating illness, disease, or to improve health and wellness? Are native rose plants a common garden plant for most city residents? How have communities and people changed historically to contemporary times? Could you purchase herbs, vitamins, essential oils from native rose plants in the local grocery store? in the health food store?
Have native rose plants contributed to traditional or indigenous rituals or ceremonies or in health care? Do native rose plants contribute in these same ways to any other culture world wide?
If a health care professional must weigh the following ethical decisions would a health care professional work hand in hand with an ethnobiologist?
- What can be done for the patient? (intervention technologies)
- Does the patient understand the options? (informed consent)
- What does the patient want? (autonomy)
- hat are the benefits? (beneficence)
- Will it harm the patient? (non‐maleficence)
- Are the patient’s requests fair and able to be satisfied? (justice)
- Are the costs involved fair to society? (economic consequences)
When relying upon the various components of the native rose plant for health care, contrast – researching the differences, and compare -delving into the similarities through study those decisions made related to ethnobiology and health care from the various viewpoints of individuals who hold different beliefs.
How do plants – the native rose bushes, and animals – humans harvesting petals, root parts, and leafs interact to meet their basic needs?
What are some uses of the various parts of a rose bush plant based upon the form and materials that the plant is made of?
Compare the texture, and properties of the various part of the native rose plant. How do the leaves, petals, rose hips and stems compare with hardness, smell, flexibility, etc How do the characteristics of the rose plant create a useful feature for the plant in its survival? How do these same characteristics suggest that the various parts of the rose plant might be useful for a specific function, material source or usefulness for different objects.
How do people show respect for living things such as the native rose bush plants?
Describe and evaluate the methods in which the parts of the native rose plants may be used appropriately and efficiently to the benefit of themselves, others, and the environment.
How do humans and animals take note of their senses as they interact with a native rose bush. If humans were to eat the rose hip or smell the rose flower, what are some safety considerations?
What season would be great to find a rose hip? What time of the year would people locate a rose flower? Why do roses make these adaptations?
What are the consequences of combining a professional health care approach with the ethnobiologist report? Create and debate with arguments for and against a posi៝tion or hypothesis.
Do you know of another way that humans interacted with native rose bushes?
Identify both macronutrients and micronutrients found in the various plant parts of the native rose bush. Show how these sources and the amounts found in the native rose plant are necessary for health, and how they may affect the wellness of a human or animal.
Create a through scientific investigation into ethnobiology regarding native rose plants. Start with a question, then create a hypothesis, and then design a procedure to test the hypothesis with those details needed to collect and analyze the data.
What structural or physiological adaptations and methods does the rose hip employ to defend itself against predators?
Analyze and debate how the personal beliefs, culture and understanding effects the appreciation of place based learning with the environment is influenced bypersonal experiences and cultural understandings.
Discuss the roles of native rose plants as providers of medicinal, spiritual, nutritional needs of Western, First Nations, Métis and other cultures.
How many native rose bushes would you need to grow to sustain healthy eating practice for various ages, sizes and types of people for their lifestyle requirements?
What is appeal from the three native rose species to animals that live in the afforestation areas? Prickly Rose (Rosa Acicularlis Lindl.) the Prairie Rose (Rosa arkansana) and Wood’s Rose, or Wild Rose (Rosa woodsii)
What is appeal from the three native rose species to humans historically? Do the rose species offer the same advantages? Prickly Rose (Rosa Acicularlis Lindl.) the Prairie Rose (Rosa arkansana) and Wood’s Rose, or Wild Rose (Rosa woodsii)
Are there any other rose species which you may see in the afforestation areas? Why or why not?
Which rose species have you seen in the afforestation areas?
What happens from over-harvesting?
What is a hori hori?
Who owns the land, and who manages the land of the afforestation areas?
Can you establish native rose plants in your own yard, or in your community garden?
Bibliography for Native Rose Plants Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3
| Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6
- Rosa arkansana Porter in T. C. Porter and J. M. Coulter, Syn. Fl. Colorado. 38. 1874., Flora of North America. FNA Vol. 9., 1998–2014, retrieved June 20, 2019
- Rosa woodsii Lindley, Ros. Monogr. 21. 1820., Flora of North America. FNA Vol. 9., 1998–2014, retrieved June 20, 2019
- Rosa acicularis Lindley, Ros. Monogr. 44, plate 8. 1820., Flora of North America. FNA Vol. 9., 1998–2014, retrieved June 20, 2019
Banerjee, S. Mishtu; Creasey, Kim; Gertzen, Diane Douglas (January 2001), Native Woody Plant Seed Collection Guide for British Columbia (PDF), Ministry of Forests Tree Improvement Branch, retrieved June 20, 2019
Bebeau, G.D. (2013), Common Name Prairie Rose (Prairie Wild Rose, Arkansas Rose), The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden, Inc. Trees Shrubs of the Eloise Butler Wildflower garden in the United States., retrieved June 20, 2019
Bessey CE (1908) The taxonomic aspect of the species question. Am Nat 42:218–224
Brayshaw, T. Christopher. (1996), Trees and Shrubs of British Columbia, UBC Press, ISBN 0774805641, 9780774805643 June 20, 2019
Brennont; et al. (October 24, 2018), Sessility (botany), Wikipedia, retrieved June 19, 2019
Britton, Nathaniel Lord; Brown, Addison (1970), Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada, Volume 2 of An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada: From Newfoundland to the Parallel of the Southern Boundary of Virginia, and from the Atlantic Ocean Westward to the 102d Meridian, Dover Books on plants. Dover Books. Courier Corporation, ISBN 0486226433, 9780486226439, retrieved June 20, 2019
Brya; et al. (April 14, 2019), List of systems of plant taxonomy, Wikipedia, retrieved June 20, 2019
Chaney, Cathryn (2019), What Is the Calyx of the Flower?, Home Guides SF Gate, retrieved June 20, 2019
Clark, Lewis J. (1974), Lewis Clark’s field guide to Wild flowers of forest and woodland in the Pacific Northwest, Gray’s Publishing Limited, ISBN 0-88826-048-2. Page 51.
Common Name Prickly Rose (Bristly Rose), The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden, Inc., 2013, retrieved June 19, 2019
Common Name Wood’s Rose (Mountain Rose, Western Rose), The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden, Inc., 2013, retrieved June 19, 2019
Conrad, C. Eugene (July 1987), Common Shrubs of Chaparral and Associated Ecosystems of Southern California (PDF), United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. Berkeley, California. General Technical Report PSW-99., retrieved June 20, 2019
Cormack, R.G.H. (1974), Wild Flowers of Alberta, Commercial Printers Ltd. Edmonton, p. 159, ISBN 0-88826-048-2
Coxhead, Peter; et al. (June 17, 2019), Stamen, Wikipedia, retrieved June 20, 2019
Culver, Denise; Smith, Pam (June 26, 2018), Botany Primer (PDF), Colorado Natural Heritage Program. Warner college of Natural Resources. Colorado State University., retrieved June 20, 2019
Details of… Scientific Name Rosa woodsii, School of Horticulture Plant Database, 2015, retrieved June 19, 2019
Dgettings; et al. (June 16, 2019), Glossary of botanical terms, Wikipedia, retrieved June 20, 2019
Fora of Wisconsin. Rosa acicularis, Wisconsin State Herbarium, UW-Madison, retrieved June 19, 2019
Harika, Gupta, 6 Major Types of Inflorescence (With Diagrams), BiologyDiscussion, retrieved June 19, 2019
Hauser, Alan S (2006), Rosa arkansana, Fire Effects Information System (Feis) Syntheses about fire ecology and fire regimes in the United States USDA, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laborator, retrieved June 20, 2019
Jain, Khusboo, 10 Main Types of Stipule Present in a Plant (With Diagram), BiologyDiscussion, retrieved June 19, 2019
Jiddani; et al. (May 23, 2019), Pinnation, Wikipedia, retrieved June 19, 2019
Keane, Kathlee; Howarth, Dave (2003), Field Guide of Medicinal Plants for the Prairie Provinces The Standing People, Rootwoman and Dave, p. 74, ISBN 0-9699505-3-5
Ladyka, Colin, Rosa acicularis, Colin’s Virtual Herbarium, retrieved June 20, 2019
Lee, Glen (1998–2014), Rosa acicularis (Prickly Rose) – photos and description, Saskatchewan Wildflowers, retrieved June 20, 2019
Lee, Glen (1998–2014), Rosa arkansana (Prairie Rose) – photos and description, Saskatchewan Wildflowers, retrieved June 20, 2019
Lee, Glen (1998–2014), Rosa woodsii (Wood’s Rose) – photos and description, Saskatchewan Wildflowers, retrieved June 20, 2019
Monophyletic, Biology Dictionary, 2019, retrieved June 20, 2019
Rosa acicularis Lindl, Northern Ontario Plant Database, June 19, 2019, retrieved June 20, 2019
Online Cree Dictionary, Canadian Heritage. Miyo Wahkohtowin Education Authority, 1980, retrieved June 20, 2019
Range Plants of Utah. Woods Rose, Extension Utah State University., 2017, retrieved June 19, 2019
Rosa arkansana – Porter, Plants For A Future, 1996–2012, retrieved June 20, 2019
Rosa arkansana (Prairie Rose), Minnesota Wildflowers A field guide to the flora of Minnesota, 2006–2019, retrieved June 20, 2019
Runesson, Ulf T., Rosa acicularis Prickly Wild Rose, Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University, retrieved June 20, 2019
Salick, Jan (1998–2014), What is Ethnobiology?, Society of Ethnobiology. partially excerpted from 2002 NSF Biocomplexity Workshop Report: “Intellectual Imperatives in Ethnobiology”, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO, retrieved June 20, 2019
Soltis, Doug; Soltis, Pam; Edwards, Christine (2005), Core Eudicots, Tree of Life Web Projects, retrieved June 20, 2019
Species: Rosa acicularis, Fire Effects Information System (FEIS). USDA. US Forest Service Department of Agriculture, 2019 June 10, retrieved June 19, 2019
Stevenson, Dennis William (2019), Angiosperm Plant, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., retrieved June 20, 2019
Taylor, Thomas N.; et al. (2019), Rosids, first published Paleobotany (Second Edition), 2009. Republished. Science Direct. Elsevier B.V., retrieved June 20, 2019
Tbhotch; et al. (April 18, 2019), Plant Reproduction, Wikipedia, retrieved June 20, 2019
Tdslk; et al. (May 28, 2019), Achene, Wikipedia, retrieved June 20, 2019
Trondarne; et al. (May 30, 2018), Vessel element, Wikipedia, retrieved June 20, 2019
Vance, F.R.; Jowsey, J.R.; McLean, J.S. (1980), Wild Flowers Across the Prairies. Field Use Edition, Western Producer Prairie Books. Saskatoon., p. 67-68, ISBN 0-919306-74-8, 0-919306-73-X
Wild Rose Comparison, The Friends of the Wild Flower Garden, retrieved June 19, 2019
Wild Rose (Rosa acicularis), British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide. BC Adventure, 1995 – 2018, retrieved June 20, 2019
Wild Roses, Canadian Wildlife Federation, 2019, retrieved June 20, 2019
Wood’s Rose Rosa woodsii Lindl. (PDF), Plant Guide. United States Department of Agriculture USDA. Natural Resources Conservation Service., 1995 – 2018, retrieved June 20, 2019