Are you a Cultural and Environmental Heritage Writer seeking to make a difference in the reconciliation process between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons?
We are looking for a knowledgeable and experienced writer to fact-check the interpretation to the Prairie Forest Guide app. This app is used to provide outdoor education opportunities in public park spaces. We need someone who is familiar with Aboriginal knowledge, culture, and ethical standards to ensure the accuracy of the interpretation of the app’s content.
As a cultural and environmental heritage writer / editor of existing content, you would be responsible for researching and verifying the accuracy of the app’s content. You would be expected to be detail-oriented and have a keen eye for detail. You should also be well-versed in Aboriginal culture and have a good understanding of the ethical standards associated with it.
We are looking for a driven and passionate individual who is eager to be part of a meaningful process of reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons. Your work will help to create an understanding of the importance of outdoor education opportunities in public park spaces and how these can create a positive impact in the reconciliation process.
If you think you have what it takes to become part of this project, please get in touch with us with your CV and a writing sample to email@example.com. We look forward to hearing from you! This is stage one of a contract position, find out what that means.
Ethnobiology embarks on the scientific study of how human cultures interacted with the environment, and the ever-changing relationship with biota and organisms. Ethnobiologists investigate how human societies have used nature, and how do they view nature in the distant past, to the immediate present. They investigate the common lore or the folk knowledge of how humans interact with organisms. Traditional knowledge is rapidly being lost, and the field of ethnobiology is a process of knowledge acquisition and organisation for the management of useful plant and animal populations in the natural system and environment.
Besides wild animals, humans have been known to value the nutritional value of these plants. In addition to people and animals, worms and insects have an affinity for the nutrition value of the rose hips, so it is best to check for worms before eating a rose hip. According to Joseph Shorthouse in his report, Galls Induced by Cynipid Wasps of the Genus Diplolepis (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) on the Roses of Canada’s Grasslands, native rose plants “are host to insects in a variety of guilds, including leaf chewers, leaf miners, fluid feeders, stem borers, pollinators, and gall inducers.”
Rose hips with seeds and skins removed make jams, marmalades, catsup, jellies and syrups. Rose hips are tastiest for those used to a North American diet after the first frost which brings out the sweetness. This same rose hip pulp may be dried and ground into powder form as an addition to baking recipes or puddings. Young green rose hips can be peeled and cooked. Rose petals are known for their perfume.
Please be stewards of both the afforestation areas – Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area and George Genereux Urban Regional Park forest communities, do not harvest too many parts of the rose plant. Learn and check into the scientific names of plants, and make a good native rose plant identification from Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3| Part 4 | Part 5. Nature is very diverse, and evolves and plant species may hybridize with each other. When in doubt, please leave the plant out before harvesting so that other visitors and animal foragers may enjoy the native roses. It is wise take only pictures and to leave no trace when visiting the Saskatoon afforestation areas to mitigate ecological damage. The afforestation areas are experiencing an exponential increase in the human footprint, and a little foresight will ensure that the plants are not extirpated from the greenspace. Consider where you are digging and harvesting: do you have permission? Who do you get permission from? Who owns the land, and who manages the land of the afforestation areas?
“If a man loses one-third of his skin he dies; if a tree loses one-third of its bark, it too dies. If the Earth is a ‘sentient being’, would it not be reasonable to expect that if it loses one-third of its trees and vegetable covering, it will also die?” Richard St. Barbe Baker
Buds and flowers or the soaked and boiled root cambium can be used in the making of rose water, a base for eye wash treatments. Leaves, flowers and buds can be infused in the making of teas. When using the bark of the rose bush for a tea decoction, muscles would find relief and diarrhea would be relieved. Flowers and flower buds may relieve diarrhea or stomach upset.
First Nations people sometimes smoked the inner bark-like substance of the rose bush like tobacco. There are reports that native persons ate the rosehip rinds, and left the seeds to grow again. Eating the layer of hairs around the seeds may cause irritation to the mouth and to the digestive tract. The rose hips may create diarrhea, if too many are ingested. A compress from the boiled rose roots would relieve swelling. The solution made from boiled rose roots could be gargled to relieve swelling of tonsillitis and sore throats, or mouth sores.
Besides the ethnobotanical uses of wild roses, rose wood can be fashioned into arrows and pipe stems. Rose hips would be used historically as beads before mass-manufactured beads were acquired through trade as early as the nineteenth century. The Cree called the Rosehip (singular); okiniy (plural); okiniyak ᐅᑭᓂᕀ
Do you think you would like to be an ethnobiolgist? Why or why not?
Debate the efficacy of native rose plants related to ethnobiology and health science, including developing materials to support the arguments for and against a posi៝tion. Would ethnobiological approaches contribute to mental, physical, or spiritual perspectives on health?
Do native rose plants provide any important macronutrients to maintain human, insect or animal health?
Do humans still rely on native rose plants for treating illness, disease, or to improve health and wellness? Are native rose plants a common garden plant for most city residents? How have communities and people changed historically to contemporary times? Could you purchase herbs, vitamins, essential oils from native rose plants in the local grocery store? in the health food store?
Have native rose plants contributed to traditional or indigenous rituals or ceremonies or in health care? Do native rose plants contribute in these same ways to any other culture world wide?
If a health care professional must weigh the following ethical decisions would a health care professional work hand in hand with an ethnobiologist?
What can be done for the patient? (intervention technologies)
Does the patient understand the options? (informed consent)
What does the patient want? (autonomy)
hat are the benefits? (beneficence)
Will it harm the patient? (non‐maleficence)
Are the patient’s requests fair and able to be satisfied? (justice)
Are the costs involved fair to society? (economic consequences)
When relying upon the various components of the native rose plant for health care; contrast – researching the differences, and compare -delving into the similarities through study those decisions made related to ethnobiology and health care from the various viewpoints of individuals who hold different beliefs.
How do plants – the native rose bushes, and animals – humans harvesting petals, root parts, and leafs interact to meet their basic needs?
What are some uses of the various parts of a rose bush plant based upon the form and materials that the plant is made of?
Compare the texture, and properties of the various part of the native rose plant. How do the leaves, petals, rose hips and stems compare with hardness, smell, flexibility, etc How do the characteristics of the rose plant create a useful feature for the plant in its survival? How do these same characteristics suggest that the various parts of the rose plant might be useful for a specific function, material source or usefulness for different objects.
How do people show respect for living things such as the native rose bush plants?
Describe and evaluate the methods in which the parts of the native rose plants may be used appropriately and efficiently to the benefit of themselves, others, and the environment.
How do humans and animals take note of their senses as they interact with a native rose bush. If humans were to eat the rose hip or smell the rose flower, what are some safety considerations?
What season would be great to find a rose hip? What time of the year would people locate a rose flower? Why do roses make these adaptations?
What are the consequences of combining a professional health care approach with the ethnobiologist report? Create and debate with arguments for and against a posi៝tion or hypothesis.
Do you know of another way that humans interacted with native rose bushes?
Nîhiyawak (Cree) refers to “those who speak the same language.[*]” The etymology of the nehiyaw has two roots; it comes from Nîwo translated as four and -iyaw or miyaw meaning body or souls, four aspect, four directional beings.[*, *,*,*,*]. Wahkohtowin is a word from the Cree language meaning those acts of being in kinship. Then there is the Cree word “maskihkiwiskwewiw” which loosely translated into English would be medicine woman[*]; “maskikiwiyiniwiw” meaning medicine man[*]. To fully understand ethnobotany, one must delve into the maskihkîy or medicine inherent in the native rose bush. This would be to take on the world view of the nehiyaw to be in true wahkohtowin with the rose bush, to speak the same language as the roses.
Identify both macronutrients and micronutrients found in the various plant parts of the native rose bush. Show how these sources and the amounts found in the native rose plant are necessary for health, and how they may affect the wellness of a human or animal.
Create a through scientific investigation into ethnobiology regarding native rose plants. Start with a question, then create a hypothesis, and then design a procedure to test the hypothesis with those details needed to collect and analyze the data.
What structural or physiological adaptations and methods does the rose hip employ to defend itself against predators?
Analyze and debate how the personal beliefs, culture and understanding effects the appreciation of place based learning with the environment is influenced by personal experiences and cultural understandings.
Discuss the roles of native rose plants as providers of medicinal, spiritual, nutritional needs of Western, First Nations, Métis and other cultures.
How many native rose bushes would you need to grow to sustain healthy eating practice for various ages, sizes and types of people for their lifestyle requirements?
What is appeal from the three native rose species to animals that live in the afforestation areas? Prickly Rose (Rosa Acicularlis Lindl.) the Prairie Rose (Rosa arkansana) and Wood’s Rose, or Wild Rose (Rosa woodsii)
What is appeal from the three native rose species to humans historically? Do the rose species offer the same advantages? Prickly Rose (Rosa Acicularlis Lindl.) the Prairie Rose (Rosa arkansana) and Wood’s Rose, or Wild Rose (Rosa woodsii)
Are there any other rose species which you may see in the afforestation areas? Why or why not?
Which rose species have you seen in the afforestation areas?
What happens from over-harvesting?
What is a hori hori?
Who owns the land, and who manages the land of the afforestation areas?
Can you establish native rose plants in your own yard, or in your community garden?
Hauser, Alan S (2006), Rosa arkansana, Fire Effects Information System (Feis) Syntheses about fire ecology and fire regimes in the United States USDA, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laborator, retrieved June 20, 2019
Salick, Jan (1998–2014), What is Ethnobiology?, Society of Ethnobiology. partially excerpted from 2002 NSF Biocomplexity Workshop Report: “Intellectual Imperatives in Ethnobiology”, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO, retrieved June 20, 2019
Soltis, Doug; Soltis, Pam; Edwards, Christine (2005), Core Eudicots, Tree of Life Web Projects, retrieved June 20, 2019
Species: Rosa acicularis, Fire Effects Information System (FEIS). USDA. US Forest Service Department of Agriculture, 2019 June 10, retrieved June 19, 2019
Stevenson, Dennis William (2019), Angiosperm Plant, Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., retrieved June 20, 2019
Taylor, Thomas N.; et al. (2019), Rosids, first published Paleobotany (Second Edition), 2009. Republished. Science Direct. Elsevier B.V., retrieved June 20, 2019
Please help protect / enhance your afforestation areas, please contact the Friends of the Saskatoon Afforestation Areas Inc. (e-mail)
Support the afforestation areas with your donation or membership ($20.00/year). Please donate by paypal using the e-mail friendsafforestation AT gmail.com, or by using e-transfers Please and thank you! Your donation and membership is greatly appreciated. Members e-mail your contact information to be kept up to date!
“The simple act of planting a tree, which is in itself a practical deed, is also the symbol of a far reaching ideal, which is creative in the realm of the Spirit, and in turn reacts upon society, encouraging all to work for the future well being of humanity rather than for immediate gain. ” Richard St. Barbe Baker
“We forget that we owe our existence to the presence of Trees. As far as forest cover goes, we have never been in such a vulnerable position as we are today. The only answer is to plant more Trees – to Plant Trees for Our Lives.” ~ Richard St. Barbe Baker