Cultural Development

Cultural Evolution

“One should pay attention to even the smallest crawling creature for these too may have a valuable lesson to teach us.” ~ Black Elk

Natty Bumppo, the child of European parents, was raised among Delaware Indians. Nathaniel “Natty” Bumppo hapopened to be the fictional protagonist of James Fenimore Cooper’s pentalogy of novels; the Leatherstocking Tales. How might Natty have been described; “In short, he was a noble shoot from the stock of human nature, which could never attain its proper elevation and importance, for no other reason than because it grew in the forest. McGregor

Henry David Thoreau’s “ Walden ” describes a “philosophical” rendition of the forest looking at the tradition of “nature versus civilization, simplicity versus luxury, innocence versus corruption.Thoreau finds moral value away from the life of the towns and cities, and finds recourse in an ideal and indeed transcendental vision of natural harmony.Cartwright

You only need sit still long enough in some attractive spot in the woods that all its inhabitants may exhibit themselves to you by turns.~ Henry David Thoreau

Does the character of Natty Bumppo personify “at once the man of the future and the repository of the values of the past”? Does the portrayal of Natty reconcile the dichotomy between two allegiances ~ nature versus civilization.

Cooper writes in “Deerslayer” “The arches of the woods, even at high noon, cast their sombre shadows on the spot, which the brilliant rays of the sun that struggled through the leaves contributed to mellow, and if such an expression can be used, to illuminate. It was probably from a similar scene that the mind of man first got its idea of the effects of gothic tracery and churchly hues, this temple of nature producing some such effect, so far as light and shadow were concerned, as the well-known offspring of human invention.”

This passage seems to echo even yet, the words of Richard St. Barbe Baker, “In that vast evergreen forest Nature works in perfect rhythm; roots digging deep or exploring nearer the surface for food and moisture. Imperceptibly Nature builds those mighty pillars with aisle innumerable, arches multiplex, in the cathedral of the forest.”

The industrial revolution dramatically changed Europe between c1750-c1850, and came to North America with time lags due to the course of travel for that era. What is it that Thoreau, Baker, and Cooper have found in the forest? What is the contrast felt by novelists and landscape artists of the nineteenth century, and personified in Natty Bumppo?

Does not even the name of this fictional character embrace the “natty” refined characteristics of the cultural stereotype of the immigrant European. What are the synonyms of “Natty” are they not smart, stylish, fashionable, dapper, debonair, dashing, spruced up, well dressed, chic, elegant, trim. And “bumppo” what imagery does the word bumppo evince ~ the cultural stereotype of the bumpkin an “unsophisticated or socially awkward person from the countryside” or the wilderness. What are the synonyms offered up for bumpkin? Does not the thesaurus offer up  rube, lout, hick, chawbacon, churl, clodhopper, cornball, countryman, hayseed, hillbilly, provincial, rube, rustic, yokel, boor, clod, gawk, lout, oaf; greenhorn, tenderfoot, peasant, peon, backwoodsman, mountaineer?

How do you feel emotionally on reading the two lists of words describing Natty, and the derogatory Bumppo?  Which list do you resonate with if you were to describe yourself?  Which list do you reject as a description of your own embodiment?  Do you still feel the same way after reading Baker, Thoreau and Cooper?  Mayhaps even include Ralph Waldo Emerson in this reading list.

Wilkie Collins describes James Fenimore Cooper literary works, Leatherstocking Tales, as ” the greatest artist in the domain of romantic fiction yet produced by America.Twain”  Why?  What is the nostalgia?

What has been gained, by civilization and what has been lost?  What is the reconciliation between the two?

As a child, one has that magical capacity to move among the many eras of the earth; to see the land as an animal does; to experience the sky from the perspective of a flower or a bee; to feel the earth quiver and breathe beneath us; to know a hundred different smells of mud and listen unselfconsciously to the soughing of the trees. Valerie Andrews

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Cartwright, John H. and Brian Baker. Literature and Science: Social Impact and Interaction  Science and society. Science and society. Impact and interaction Edition illustrated Publisher ABC-CLIO, 2005 ISBN 185109458X, 9781851094585

Kennedy, Martha.  Authors

McGregor, Gaile. The Noble Savage in the New World Garden: Notes Toward a Syntactics of Place Publisher Popular Press, 1988. ISBN 087972417X, 9780879724177 P.130

Twain, Mark. Fenimore Cooper’s Literary Offences

Don’t let yesterday use up too much of today

“I am glad I will not be young in a future without wilderness.”
― Aldo Leopold

If we intend to provide a better life, and a better world, for future generations, we can’t ignore the quality of the environment we leave them. John Kasich

For more information:
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Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area is located in Saskatoon, SK, CA north of Cedar Villa Road, within city limits, in the furthest south west area of the city.
Wikimapia Map: type in Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area
Google Maps South West Off Leash area location pin at parking lot
Web page: https://stbarbebaker.wordpress.com

Where is the Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area? with map

Facebook: StBarbeBaker

Facebook group page : Users of the St Barbe Baker Afforestation Area

Facebook: South West Off Leash Recreation Area SW OLRA

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If you wish to support the afforestation area with your donation, write a cheque please to the “Meewasin Valley Authority Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area trust fund” (MVA RSBBAA trust fund) and mail it to Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area c/o Meewasin Valley Authority, 402 Third Ave S, Saskatoon SK S7K 3G5. Thank you kindly!
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1./ Learn.

2./ Experience

3./ Do Something: ***

It is not a farce.…”To be whole. To be complete. Wildness reminds us what it means to be human, what we are connected to rather than what we are separate from.” ~Terry Tempest Williams

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Tall Trees ~ Great Ones I have Known

Imperceptibly Nature builds those mighty pillars with aisle innumerable, arches multiplex, in the cathedral of the forest.

One of the best things to be said of the stories in this volume, Tall Trees written by Richard St. Barbe Baker is that, although they are not biographical but rather reminiscences, they are about real persons who actually lived and performed their parts in the great drama of the St. Barbe’s quest to plant forests internationally, and save trees everywhere.   Some of these persons were more famous than others, yet all have left enduring roots in earth’s organism  and their names will not cease to be remembered.  The fact that there are a few more than two hundred and fifty famous people mentioned in the volume may be credited to the author’s wish to give good measure.

  • Tall Trees or Tall Timber, 1980
  • Great Ones I have Known
  • Sir George Albu
  • Sir Percy Alden
  • Captain Alexander
  • Field Marshall Viscount Allenby
  • Hussein Amanat
  • Bill Anderson
  • Anderson
  • William Anderson
  • Rukmani Divi Arundel
  • Lady Avebury
  • Lord Baden-Powell
  • Lady Baden-Powell
  • Noel Baker
  • Lady Eve Balfour
  • Hassan Balyuze
  • Philip Barling
  • Sir Evelyn Barling
  • Vernon Barran
  • Cicily Barran
  • Sir Hugh Beevor Bart
  • Sir Hugh Beevor
  • Sir Francis Dillon Bell
  • Captain Bellamy
  • Annie Besant
  • Lord Bessborough
  • Dr Bestot
  • Alvar Biddell
  • Sir James Hunter Blair
  • Rt. Hon. Viscount Bledisloe
  • Lady Blomfield
  • General Booth
  • Sheriff Breen
  • Colonel Hugh F Brennan
  • Sir Arthur Bryant
  • Peter Burt
  • Peter Caddy
  • Aileen Caddy
  • Jean Campbell
  • Major Ronnie Carrington
  • Herbert Casson
  • Aileen Causton
  • Sir John Chancellor
  • Dr Pearl Chase
  • Revd. Kelville Churchill
  • Elizabeth Claire
  • Sir Hugh Clifford
  • Betsan Coats
  • Stanton A. Coblentz
  • Leonora Cohen
  • Richard Henry Comyns
  • Dr. Coomaraswamy
  • Sir Robert Coroyden
  • Howard Coster
  • Lord Courthope
  • Colonel R.E. Crompton
  • Hilda Russell Cruise
  • Dr. Mona Russell Cruise
  • Dulca Davril
  • William Dawson
  • General de Gaulle
  • Alfonso de Mont Agel
  • Professor Debenham
  • Delius
  • Rt. Hon J.G. Diefenbaker
  • Watts Ditchfield
  • Sir Patrick W Donner
  • Sir Francis Drake
  • Pierre du Pont
  • Ursula Grant Duff
  • Major Hadcliffe Dugmore
  • Daniel Dunlop
  • Major Eric Dutton
  • Henry Van Dyke
  • Sir John Eden
  • Mrs. T.A. Edison
  • Shoghi Effendi
  • J. Elroy
  • Gerald Fergusson
  • Hazel Ffennell
  • Dr. John A. Finlay
  • Dr. W.H. Flecker
  • Dr. Forsyth
  • Nellie French
  • Dr Hugo Gaarcnery
  • Sir Philip Gane
  • Lady Gane
  • Charles Garcie
  • Betty Garcie
  • Madame Clarence Gasque
  • Lloyd George
  • Jean Giono
  • Madison Grant
  • Sir Wilfred T Grenfell
  • Colonel Ewart Grogan
  • Dr. Lord Haydon Guest
  • Dr. Gwatkin
  • Martin R. Haase
  • Captain C.F. Harrison
  • Colonel A.J. Harvey
  • Captain A.J. Harvie
  • Rupert Hempstead
  • Augustine Henry
  • Major Bob Herman
  • Arthur William Hill
  • Bridget G.E.L. Hill
  • Major Gen. Walter P.H. Hill
  • Lt. Col. Frank C. Hitchcock
  • Dr. Dan Hoffman
  • Seddon Holmes
  • President Hoover
  • Sir Reginald Hoskins
  • Claude Hulbert
  • Major Richard Henry John Humphries
  • Jackman
  • Jomo Kenyatta
  • Ruhiyyih Khanum
  • Rudyard Kipling
  • Kitchener of
  • Major Richard Knight
  • Pamela Knight
  • Sir Alan Lascelles
  • Bernard Leach
  • Principal Exton Lloyd
  • Sir Edwin Lutyens
  • Marichal Lyoti
  • Ramsay Macdonald
  • Wilson MacDonald
  • Rt. Hon. Malcolm MacDonald
  • Lord Mainhead
  • Professor B. Malinowski
  • Mrs Geoffrey Marks
  • Dr. Martisus
  • John Masefield
  • Sir Henry Monk Mason
  • Dr. McLaren
  • Arthur Mee
  • Lil Messer
  • Mountford Mills
  • Sir Arrol Moir
  • Kenneth Mom
  • Countess Mountbatten
  • Sir William Mulock
  • Walter C Murray
  • The Hon. Mrs. Graham Murray
  • Helen Neering
  • Scott Neering
  • Prime Minister Nehru
  • Derek Neville
  • Josiah Njonjo
  • Major Nornabel
  • Nussolini
  • Sir Mark Oliphant
  • Edmund Henry Oliver
  • Sir Francis Dillon Oppenheimer
  • Lady Oppenheimer
  • Lord Boyd Orr
  • Pope Paul
  • Gifford Pinchot
  • Pope Pius
  • Majog Gen. Sir. John Ponsonby
  • C.E. Lane Poole
  • Lt. Col. Sir David Prain
  • Nancy Price
  • Lord Radstock
  • A.H. Read
  • A.R. Reaver
  • Marsh Roberts
  • William Robinson
  • Colonel Theodor Roosevelt
  • Franklin D Roosevelt
  • Martha Root
  • Sir Dennison Ross
  • Henry Rothel
  • Bertrand Russell
  • Lao Russell
  • Walter Russell
  • Lao Russell
  • Dr Rutherford
  • Vita Sackville-West
  • Lord Salvesen
  • Edwin Samuel
  • William Sarum
  • Neville Sarum
  • Sir Eric Saveill
  • Dr. Knut Scharnhorst
  • Viktor Schauberger
  • Michael Scott
  • J.W. Robertson Scott
  • Lord Francis Scott
  • John Seabrook
  • Lord Sempill
  • Lady Seton
  • Bernard Shaw
  • Sir Ernest Shipley
  • Gwen Slazenger
  • General Smuts
  • Dr. Spinks
  • Howard Spring
  • John Richard St. Barbe Baker
  • Baily Stevens
  • Theo A. Stevens
  • Marion Stevens
  • Sir John Stirling Maxwell
  • Dr. Eugene Stock
  • Herbert Stone
  • Lady Stuckley
  • Dowager Lady Swaytaling
  • Patrick W Synge
  • Edmund Bordeaux Szekely
  • Rabindranath Tagore
  • Qunland Terry
  • Hugh Tevis
  • Dr E.S. Thodey
  • Lowell Thomas
  • Douglas Thompson
  • Tilliment Thompson
  • Sir W. Miles Thompson
  • Sir Eruera Tirikatene
  • George Townsend
  • Monseignuer Abbe Tregard
  • Madame Trieux
  • Professor R.S. Troup
  • Major Tubb
  • Gordon Vokes
  • Dr. Karl von Schenk
  • Eric Waleron
  • Thea Walker
  • Kingdom Ward
  • Major General Wardrop
  • Derick Waterfield
  • Barbara Waterfield
  • Colonel Wauchope
  • Lord Wedgewood
  • H.G. Wells
  • V. Sackville West
  • Sam Williams
  • Captain Philip Wills
  • Lady Haliburton Wilson
  • Chinese Wilson
  • Father Woodford
  • Esme Wynne-Tyson
  • W.B. Yeats
  • Sir Francis Younghusband
  • H.R.H. Duke of Windsor
  • Eweka II OBA of Benin
  • The Lady of the Manor
  • The King of Sweden
  • H.M. The King of Norway
  •   Elwes
  •   Henry
  • The Earl of Portsmouth
  • The Duchess of Westminster
  • Suzuki Zen Buddhist
  • Bishop of the Yukon
  • Bonaparte des Arbres
  • Marquess of Wittingdon
  • Prince Henry
  • H.M. King George VI
  • H.M. Queen Elizabeth
  • Mahatma Gandhi
  • His Grace the Duke of Buccleuch
  • Sister Pat
  • D.U.R.

Knowing intimately as he did many of the notable persons of his time, St. Barbe has indeed kindly left behind in letters, correspondences and this unpublished volume, a tribute and a valuable portrait or even sketch of the great people he had met. What priceless words of Yeats he gathered up, which all the world would have eagerly read; what characteristic anecdotes she could have told of Rabindranath Tagore,—what an insight she might have given into the man behind the Rt. Hon J.G. Diefenbaker; what noble things she must have known of Lord Bessborough; what inimitable facetiæ concerning the Baden-Powells; what spirited stories St. Barbe told of Mahatma Gandhi; what a light he cast over the life of Rudyard Kipling!

We cannot but be immensely grateful that these sketches were indeed written down and recorded. They have become immortal; for St. Barbe’s power in this line has been unequalled by any one who has written in these later days.

So to learn more about St. Barbe’s personal reminscences on these personages, slip down to the University of Saskatchewan Library – Archives and Special Collections Murray Building 4th Floor.  Learn more about St. Barbe University of Saskatchewan, University Archives & Special Collections, Richard St. Barbe Baker fonds, MG 71 and ask to see Box 19 Folder 6.

The study of life, like the study of a forest or a landscape, should begin with the most conspicuous features. Not until these have been fixed in memory will the lesser features fall into their appropriate places and assume their right proportions.

” In that vast evergreen forest Nature works in perfect rhythm; roots digging deep or exploring nearer the surface for food and moisture. Imperceptibly Nature builds those mighty pillars with aisle innumerable, arches multiplex, in the cathedral of the forest.” ~ Richard St. Barbe Baker

For more information:

Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area is located in Saskatoon, SK, CA north of Cedar Villa Road, within city limits, in the furthest south west area of the city.
Wikimapia Map: type in Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area
Google Maps South West Off Leash area location pin at parking lot
Web page: https://stbarbebaker.wordpress.com
Facebook: StBarbeBaker
Facebook group page : Users of the St Barbe Baker Afforestation Area
Facebook: South West OLRA
Contact the MVA The MVA has begun a Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area trust fund. If you wish to support the afforestation area with your donation, write a cheque to the “Meewasin Valley Authority Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area trust fund (MVA RSBBAA trust fund)” .
Twitter: StBarbeBaker
July 9, 2016 Richard St. Barbe Baker Afforestation Area CLEAN UP Day PAMPHLET